1.Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information in the table below.
The table shows how people in different age groups spend their leisure time in Someland over the course of a year. It can be clearly seen that the amount of leisure time available varies considerably across the age groups and that people of different age levels have very different ways of spending their leisure time.
According to the figures, as people age in Someland their social lives reduce. Teenagers and people in their twenties spend on average 500 hours per year on socialising and 350 hours of that time is with a group of more than 4 people. Although the total hours of socialising in their 30s, 40s, 50s and 60s is fairly constant （between 300-350）， socialising with more than 4 people drops dramatically to 50 hours in the 30s and 40s age groups and only 25 from 50 years old. Group and individual exercise follow a similar pattern.
People of all ages spend a good part of their leisure time on entertainment such as TV/video viewing and cinema. In both cases, teenagers and retired people spend around twice as much time as those who are at working age. Home entertainment ranges from just over a thousand hours for teenagers and retired people and an average of 600 hours for everyone else. Cinema accounts for 100 hours of the teenagers and retired people’s leisure time and 25-50 hours for the rest.
Overall, we can see there is a significant trend towards solitary and smaller group activities as people grow older and that teenagers and retired people spend a lot more time on entertainment than those of working age do.
The graph below shows average carbon dioxide （CO2） emissions per person in the United Kingdom, Sweden, Italy and Portugal between 1967 and 2007.
The line graph describes the changes in average emissions of CO2 per person in four different countries from 1967-2007.
In 1967, the largest emission was in the UK, with 11 metric tons per person. It was followed by Sweden and Italy （around 9 metric tons and 4.5 metric tons respectively）。 Portugal emitted the smallest amount of CO2 - lower than 2 metric tons.
Clearly, the UK remained the country with the largest amount of CO2 emission over this period, although there was a decline to 9 metric tons in 2007. Sweden CO2 emission peaked at just above 10 metric tons in 1977 before decreasing swiftly to 5.5 metric tons in 2007.
Italy and Sweden showed an opposite trend during the following years. The emission in Italy overtook that in Sweden in 1988. After that, it rose to just below 8 metric tons in 2007, while Portugal saw the most drastic rise, with its emission increasing to the same level of Sweden eventually.
Overall, the graph clearly shows how the emission level in the UK and Sweden decreased and the CO2 emissions in the remaining two countries increased over the four decades.
3.The pie charts show the proportion of the energy produced from different sources in a country between 1985 and 2003.
The pie charts present the change of the percentage of the energy produced from various sources in a particular country from 1985 to 2003.
It is clear that oil was the most dominant sources from which the energy was produced throughout the whole period, although it dropped from 52% in 1985 to 39%. Likewise, nuclear also declined, but much less significantly to 17%, becoming the third primary source from which the energy was produced.
The percentage of natural gas, on the other hand, witnessed the most noticeable increase during the period, rising from 13% in 1985 to 23% in 2003. Coal and other renewable resources, though whose increase was less marked, rising by 5% and 3% respectively.
Interestingly, the proportion of the energy produced from the hydrogen remained stable in 1985 and 2003, making it the least used sources from which the energy was produced.
Overall, oil, natural gas and nuclear still constitute a larger proportion of all the sources, while other three sources, namely coal, hydrogen and other renewable, are less used when producing the energy.
4. The charts below show the percentage of water used for different purposes in six areas of the world
These are pie charts indicating information about the percentage of water consumed for 3 different purposes in six regions throughout the world.
As reflected in the data, agriculture constituted the largest 88% of total water in Central Asia, exceeding that of Africa by 4%. It is immediately followed by South East Asia and South America, where respectively 81% and 71% of water is allocated to agriculture. In contrast, water used either for industry or for households comprised a minority percentage of water among the 4 areas questioned, with water for domestic use in South America accounting for the largest figure at 19% and ranking the first for this purpose among all 6 regions. Besides, the smallest figure of water use among all purposes is recorded in industry in Central Asia, which consumes merely 5% of water in this area.
The case is totally different in North America and Europe, where industry is the largest water consumer, and where water for this purpose approximates to a half of the total. Next comes agriculture, consuming 39% and 32% of water, and almost doubling that of family use. Also noteworthy is that among six areas, Europe distributes the largest 53% of its water resources to industry.
Overall, agriculture is the predominant water consumer, while a reversed trend is almost true with domestic use.
5.The bar graph shows the global sales（in billions of dollars）of different types of digital games between 2000 and 2006
The bar chart compares the turnover in dollars from sales of video games for four different platforms,namely mobile phones,online, console games and handheld devices,from 2000 to 2006.
It is clear that sales of games for three out of four platforms rose each year,leading to a significant rise in total global turnover over the 7-year period. Sales figures for handheld games were at least twice as high as those for any other platform in almost every year.
wIn 2000,worldwide sales of handheld games stood at around 1.1 billion,while console games earned just under 6 billion. No figures are given for mobile or online games in that year. Over the next 3 years,sales of handheld video games rose by about 4 billion,but the figure for consoles decreased by 2 billion. Mobile phone and online games started to become popular,with sales reaching around 3 billion in 2003. In 2006,sales of handheld,online and mobile games reached peaks of 17,9 and 7 billion dollars respectively.
By contrast, turnover from console games dropped to its lowest point,at around 2.5 billion.
6.The bar chart below shows the percentage of Australian men and women in different age groups who did regular physical activity in 2010.
Given is a bar chart comparing the proportion of males and females in Australia about the condition of the regular physical activities by different age groups in 2010. Generally, men were more active in physical practice than women only in their early age before 25.
It is clear to see that the men with 15 to 24 years old held the biggest percent with 52.8% in physical activities, compared with 47.7% in the same age group of women. And men were less willingly after 25 years old, with 39.5% as the smallest proportion in the age of 35 to 44.
Conversely, females showed great interest in physical exercise in their middle age, with the largest proportion of 53.5% between 45 and 54 years old. Females over 65 years old were not expected to take exercise as the younger groups, accounting for only 47.1%.
Overall, females were more interested in physical exercise than males over all ages in 2010. The gaps of the proportion between males and females in regular physical exercise in middle age were much wider than other groups.
7.The table below shows the amount of waste production （in millions of tonnes） in six different countries over a twenty-year period.
The chart compares the amounts of waste that were produced in six countries in the years 1980, 1990 and 2000.
In each of these years, the US produced more waste than Ireland, Japan, Korea, Poland and Portugal combined. It is also noticeable that Korea was the only country that managed to reduce its waste output by the year 2000.
Between 1980 and 2000, waste production in the US rose from 131 to 192 million tonnes, and rising trends were also seen in Japan, Poland and Portugal. Japan's waste output increased from 28 to 53 million tonnes, while Poland and Portugal saw waste totals increase from 4 to 6.6 and from 2 to 5 million tonnes respectively.
The trends for Ireland and Korea were noticeably different from those described above. In Ireland, waste production increased more than eightfold, from only 0.6 million tonnes in 1980 to 5 million tonnes in 2000. Korea, by contrast, cut its waste output by 12 million tonnes between 1990 and 2000.
8.The maps below show the centre of a small town called Islip as it is now, and plans for its development.
Given are two maps comparing the center of Islip at present and in the future. Some new buildings are expected in the future.
As the first map reveals, lslip town center now is relatively small. There is a main road from the west to the east with shops on both sides. The northern area is rarely countryside, while the southern area is filled with houses with a school at the end of the fork road in the southwest corner and a park in southeast.
In the future, the main road is expected to reform into a dual carriageway as a round containing all the new buildings. The horizontal pedestrian is probably cutting the circle into two semi-circles in the north and south. Bus station, shopping center, car park and new housing are exposed to be built in a line, replacing the previous northern shops from west to east in the northern area. On the other side, to the south of the previous shops, housing area is expected to expend with new houses built, while the former park may suffer reduction.
Interestingly, the school and houses out of the carriageway in the south may hardly albeit the great development.
Some people think that only the best students should be rewarded. Others, however, think that it is more important to reward students who show improvements. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
It is universally believed that providing students with many rewards is an effective way to improve academic performance. Although some would argue that only those top students are eligible to receive these rewards, I am in the camp that anyone who makes progress should be rewarded as well.
Firstly, advocates believe that it is reasonable to offer prizes to the high-level performers. This is because one needs to pay a great amount of effort than other classmates in order to earn a high grade in the exam. In addition, top performers normally act as a facilitator to encourage other students to work harder and they can create a competitive learning setting in the school.
However, rewarding top players merely is likely to result in some undesirable results in some occasions. The reason is that those best students are relatively few in the class. If we only pay attention to those few high-level learners and ignore the rest of the students, the enthusiasm for study might be reduced. Some opponents, therefore, feel that it is necessary for teachers to give certain awards to those who put forward reasonable efforts in study. The extrinsic reward provided to them is not only a recognition of their former performance, but also a motivator for further study since a sense of accomplishment can boost their confidence and help them become the high-level students eventually.
In conclusion, my view is that both types of students should be rewarded, which is beneficial for the learning environment in the campus.
Nowadays, most people learn academic study in university, but others think we should encourage to learn vocational skills more, do you agree or disagree?
1. 人们的精力和时间有限，广泛涉猎，难免蜻蜓点水。相反，集中精力学习一门课技能，可使人成为一个领域的专家。 人生的奋斗的过程就是追求稀缺的过程，你要成为那个不可替代者。
2. 职业培训学校培养的学生， 择业更有竞争力，因为他们可以适合特殊企业的需求。
Education is one of the key words of our time. A man without education, many of us believe is the victim of adversity. However, people’s views differ greatly as to whether or not specialist is superior to generalist. To voice my opinion, focusing on academic study in university enjoys more benefits.
Granted,those who advocate vocational training are, to some extent, never without their reasons. First，zeroing in on vocational skills can help learners secure well-paid jobs quickly, therefore, the family’s financial burden can be greatly reduced. From our life, we can find some examples to prove that job candidates from vocational training schools are very popular because what they have learnt are career-oriented and job-related. Also，Jack-of-all-trades is master of none. In comparison with studying a wide range of subjects，specializing in specific field can make one stand out in a crowd considering that one’s time and energy is limited
What I want to rebut, however, is that we can never ignore the immense value of academic study at university. The most glaring merit is that those who receive university education have plenty of room for career development because they have access to manifold knowledge and techniques. In addition to tapping one’s unlimited potentials in various aspects and helping one realize overall development, experiencing university life can bring more wonderful memories of colorful campus life. Last, this can benefit a nation, all-round education can train more comprehensive talents for a country，which will inject new life into the further development of a nation.
Overall,my stand is that compared with attending vocational training schools,receiving university education is more feasible and rational because it helps students realize comprehensive development and cultivate more personal talents. Likewise, our society need talents with a wealth of knowledge.
International travel often lead to people have some prejudices rather than broad minds. What are the main reasons of this phenomenon? What do you think people can get better understanding of the countries they visit?
Such is human nature to explore those exotic countries and feel the sense of refreshment. Many people desire to expand their minds and enrich their experience of the world during the process of visiting their dream tourism destination. However, some problems inevitably ensue. Instead of feeling the pleasure of travel， what some sightseers feel are only culture prejudice, conflicts and misunderstandings.
First, historical differences and diverse customs, to some extent, contribute to the bias, misunderstandings and even hostility. A case in point is that eating dog meat is permissible and understandable in some minority areas in China. More precisely, Taiwan people might be quite amazed when hearing or seeing dog meat is edible, for it is illicit and forbidden to persecute dogs in Taiwan. It is conceivable that Taiwan tourists might be quite shocked and disappointed when visiting some Korean minority areas in Mainland China. People there always take dog meat as delicious foods.
Further, some sightseers’ deeply rooted concept, and diverse life experience account for the appearance of culture prejudice. To illustrate , a kind of benediction like may you child become a dragon might be acceptable in Chinese culture. However, westerners might consider this kind of malediction as a curse for their children, for dragon equals to monster in western culture.
Several methods should be adopted to help tourists minimize the potential culture bias or emotional misunderstanding. Primarily, before paying a visit to one tourism destination, it is feasible to specialize in the customs, histories and local people’s lifestyle. For example, if a western visitor aims to do some sightseeing in the Chinese minority areas like Tibet, it is wise to get to know some taboo, learn some simple minority language and the minority tradition. Also, efforts should be made by those tourist guides or local mass media to disseminate local cultures and popularize some relevant travel taboo. In this sense, people will acquire the first-hand knowledge and thus have a deeper insight into a new country.
Overall,it is no easy task to iron out possible bias and conflicts before visiting some hot scenic spots. However, memorable travel experience favors the prepared minds.
Some people think governments should focus on reducing environmental pollution and housing problems to help people prevent illness and disease. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
There is no doubt that people’s health will be influenced directly or indirectly by the environment and housing condition. Whether governments should focus more on the environment and estate has triggered a controversy. I feel that individuals should take more responsibility for their well-being other than government’s increasing attention.
Indeed, the environmental problems and housing conditions are two main sources for illness and diseases. In many large cities in northern China, haze weather has become a daily killer, especially causing respiratory diseases in winter. Also, populace will easily access to viruses and bacteria if they live in a poor housing condition without any advanced sanitation. Therefore, governments should give more attention and higher investment in these two areas.
Compared to individuals, governments have more power to arrange a wide range of social resources to address severe issues; however, it does not mean that addressing this problem totally depends on governments. The state is an organizer or a coordinator in our society instead of a responsibility taker. Although governments can claim people to enhance the awareness of environment protection, make policy to strengthen the environment management and invest estate where they need, public health condition is still a personal problem to some degree. People have the obligation to form and keep a healthy and positive lifestyle, or they will still face the threat of illness and diseases even environment and housing condition getting better.
In conclusion, people can also need to take responsibility of their well-being as governments only hold a position as organizer and coordinator. The most feasible solution may be that governments provide a fine setting on one hand and public should pursue a healthy lifestyle for themselves on the other hand.
In some countries around the world men and women are having babies late in life. What are the reasons? What are the effects on the society and the family?
When Laura Wade-Gery,the boss of Marks and Spencer gave birth to a baby at 50,it immediately made headline news.As a matter of fact,quite many men and women in some countries nowadays have made up their mind to have kids only late in life.To my mind,this trend of the older parents brings more benefits than harms to both the baby and the parents.
Couples wait to have kids for many different reasons.To begin with,many young couples are not financially ready for a new member coming to the family.More often than not,the newly married couples have just started their career and are still struggling to make their ends meet,and an additional member would be a great burden.But even if free from financial problems,many young couples still refuse to start a family with kids because they wish to develop their various potentials or experience the world before they have kids.Most importantly,many young people put off having babies because the society has very strong parenthood penalties.A mom,for instance,is less likely to stay up in her office to get ahead if she has a baby at home,the consequence of which is that her chances of promotion become slimmer.
Many people argue that the delayed parenthood may pose physical challenges to couples,especially the older mom,and it is quite unfair on the child to have old parents because they probably won’t live long enough to see the child grow up.This may be true,but modern medical technology has significantly reduced the risks involved in birth-giving and equally significantly prolonged our life span so that the older parents,like their younger counterparts,can just as well accompany their kids in their life’s journey.But on top of that,having kids later in life can be beneficial in unique ways:it is good to the baby because its parents are now financially and emotionally better conditioned;it is good to the parents because now they have been well established so that they have more time for their kids;it is good to the society because those parents who delay having kids and advance to positions of authority at work now have the power to set policies other older parents would benefit from,like offering paid maternity and paternity leave or allowing flexible work schedules.
The leaders or directors of organizations are often older people. But some people say that young people can also be a leader what extent do you think?
It is true that many leaders and senior executives in global companies are elderly people. However, I would argue that those superb young people are also eligible to take important positions in today's world.
On the one hand, compared to the young generation, elderly people possess more edges. First and foremost, they have better cognitive skills, such as big-picture thinking and long-term vision. This is because years of work experience and failures teach them to take every aspect into consideration before making important decisions.By contrast, due to a lack of social experience, young leaders seem to make shortsighted decisions sometimes. Moreover, since the old have already overcome countless difficulties and challenges prior, they can quickly adjust their mood in turmoil and lift the morale of the whole organization.
On the other hand, there are two reasons why younger directors are also competent to be leaders in important positions. In the first place, with well-educated backgrounds, young leaders are more likely to have a deep understanding of cultural difference, and they can empathize with other employees and clients much better. Today, empathy plays a key role in retention of talents. For example, it is easy to misunderstand others in a cross-cultural dialogue. When good employees resign, they -might take the company's knowledge with them, which is a brain drain for the company. Secondly, compared with the senior leaders, young directors can apply the latest technology and theory into practice, and this can counteract negative stereotype of management and greatly improve the productivity.
In conclusion, in my opinion, age should not be the criterion when selecting the leader of leadership can play his or her role in the organization.
Some people think that the amount of noisy people should be controlled strictly, while others say that people are free to make as much noise as they wish. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
An issue facing many big cities recently is that a quiet living environment has turned to a densely-populated area with inevitable noise pollution. Therefore, whether the amount of noise should be restricted or not has always been a question of much contention. Personally, I believe that citizens have the freedom to make sounds but noise definitely needs to be reasonably controlled.
First of all, it is probable that noise pollution could pose a huge threat to citizens’ well-being. Disturbed by annoying noise, people would find it difficult to fall asleep, and a lack of sound sleep would lead to fatigue the next day, which would adversely affect their physical health. Besides, people under the exposure of noise may suffer from anxiety and irritability, which could aggravate the mental state of those who already undergo long-lasting work-related stress.
Another significant reason of limiting noise lies in governments’ responsibility to work for the benefit of their citizens. To put it another way, it is the duty of governments to maintain a favorable living environment for residents. The apparent reason is that people might expend a large amount of savings on their residence, and thus they are supposed to be provided with a high quality dwelling environment.
However, it has to be admitted that people also have the right to make noise for their own good because they are in possession of their dwelling places. For example, when people hold a birthday party at home, they could enjoy the pleasant atmosphere with friends around and music delighting everyone. It is the freedom of them to make sounds for their benefit yet it would not be the legal right if the sound is loud enough to disturb others.
Therefore, I am convinced that people could be given certain freedom to make sounds, but the amount needs to be reasonably restricted by governments so that citizens’ well-being and living quality could be guaranteed.
8.Some people think that it is more important to plant more trees in open area which in towns and cities than build more housing. To what extent do agree or disagree?
With the rapid urbanization of our society, tree seems more valuable than ever before. At the same time, a great number of people support more greenery in open areas in towns and cities rather than more housing buildings. I am of the opinion that this action has more benefits than drawbacks
Trees are an important part of the urban environment and a city with easy access to green spaces is more livable and attractive for most people. First of all, as we all know, green plants can carry out photosynthesis, which not only absorb carbon dioxide, but also release oxygen. Therefore, the air quality in cities will be improved greatly. Secondly, people living in cities with plenty of trees are less likely to suffer health problems caused by smog and fumes. This is extremely important because today travelling by car has become a major means of travel in most cities.
Housing guarantees people's basic -need of accommodation. Today, many real estate developers overdevelop the open areas with the purpose of gaining huge profit. "This will occupy the valuable and limited land resources. In addition, considering our almost sat <http://sat.zhan.com/>urated real estate industry and market, there is no more need to build more housing. In fact, many employers cannot afford to purchase a flat because of the high housing price. Therefore, compared to housing building, trees seems more significant to our environment.
To sum up, I believe that planting more trees in open areas will bring far more gains than losses.
Some people believe that the increasing use of the computers and the mobile phones has a negative effect on young people’s reading and writing skill. Do you agree or disagree
Some educators have warned that the prevalence of mobile phones and the internet has a negative effect on adolescents’ academic ability. I agree with this view.
Firstly, the wide use of “Internet English” is regarded as the culprit of the declining writing skills. One obvious reason is that young adults may make some grammatical mistakes unconsciously because of the frequent use of improper abbreviations and punctuation on mobile devices, and this might pose a threat to their future career where a professional writing ability is required in most companies. Therefore, many linguists have expressed their concerns that the instant messaging and chatting on mobile phones might harm the ability of using formal written English.
Secondly, the poor reading proficiency can be put down to the frequent use of technologies as well. Compared to the older generation, young people today are cluttered with different gadgets, like iPad and iPhone. For instance, with easy access to wifi, they can surf the internet anywhere and anytime to follow the latest information of their idols in another country. However, most social networks deliver fragment and useless information, which not only steals time away from solitary reading but also undermine the ability to think independently. In my opinion, this phenomenon should be reversed as soon as possible because reading has a profound effect on a nation’s future.
In conclusion, while these electronic devices make the communication much more convenient, I am in the camp that they might affect young people’s academic performance negatively.
10.Young people who commit crimes should be treated in the same way as adults by authorities . To what extent do you agree or disagree ?
It is sometimes argued that young lawbreakers should be tried as adults for crimes. I personally believe that this is partly reasonable.
On the one hand, those who participate in violent crimes should not be treated differently than adult offenders. This is because most crimes, such as rape or murder, are thoughtful, deliberate and cunning in its planning and execution. If our courts trend toward a more lenient position, then the related laws and punishment will not have a deterring effect on teenagers. As a result, teenagers are likely to commit horrible crimes since they are aware that they have legal protection. What’s worse, these teens might recommit after they are released from jails. In some cases, the lighter sentencing might also lead to resentment towards the judicial system as victims might argue that these young offenders do not confess what they have done. This could also result in insecurity in our society eventually.
On the other hand, the circumstances of a crime and its motivation should be taken into consideration when it comes to juvenile delinquency. For example, because of distress and hunger, some teens may turn to stealing food or robbery during a period of famine. Under this circumstance, harsh punishment, such as long-term jail might not be the best solution. In my view, most of the young offenders lack parenting and self-discipline, which would mean that other alternatives, such as community service and rehabilitation might be better alternatives for them.
In conclusion, I feel that it is vitally important for judges and state legislators to ensure the justice equality regardless of the criminal’s age.
11.Some people prefer to provide help and support directly to those in their local community who need it. Others, however prefer to give money to national and international charitable organizations. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
Although people in industrialized countries lead a high standard of living, it is undeniable that there are still 1.2 billion people living below the poverty line. In order to solve poverty-related problems, I feel that all kinds of help should be encouraged and respected.
Giving a helping hand to those who are in need in the local community seems reasonable. It is because even in the richest countries, there are still a lot of people, such as disabled people and orphanages, suffering from famine and extreme poverty. For this reason, it is easy and convenient for us to help our fellow citizens, such as donating food or clothing to them, so that we can see the result of our actions immediately. By contrast, it is rather difficult to track expenditure of international aids, which might result in corruption in some cases.
Those who donate money to domestic and international charities believe that the collection of money has a tremendous effect on the poor countries compared with other forms of help. This is because few people are able to donate a large amount of money to construct schools, hospitals and roads in poor areas. Instead, governments and charities can achieve this. International aids can also purchase vaccines which are available in developed countries by using the money raised worldwide and save millions children’s life.
In my view, minor proportion of donated money and other sorts of help should be appreciated equally as long as the money reaches to those who need it desperately. The government could run campaign and encourage door-to door help. At the same time, charitable organizations should make every penny count for donors.
12.In some countries, a high proportion of criminal acts are committed by teenagers. Why has this happened? What can be done to deal with this?
In recent years, the proportion of crimes committed by teenagers has increased dramatically and this has caused a widespread discussion. Media violence and unstable family life may be the two main factors leading to adolescents’ criminal tendency. Both of them will be discussed in detail below, followed by solutions.
The lack of family life should take responsibility for juvenile delinquency. Most parents educate their children in an impropriate way like beating and abusing. Even now, may parents still hold a view that a good son is a product of the rod. This educational method will leave children a misleading impression about violence when they are very young, and they are more likely to become real offenders in the future. To solve this problem, parents should adjust parenting at home, interacting with their children more frequently and giving more attention and care especially emotional needs.
Excessive exposure to media violence also plays a big role in the increase of youth crime. As we all know, the violence shots are prevalent in many films and TV games, which affects young people the most. Teenagers who lack self-discipline tend to imitate their fantasy hero’s criminal behavior after watching action films in real situations. Actually, these teenagers are misled by their heroes. In this case, the government should set a rating and censorship system in order to control the amount of violence, threat and horror on screen.
In conclusion, family life and media violence are main triggers of juvenile delinquency. Parents should transform their ways to care and educate their children. Meanwhile, governments should provide a healthy environment on the screen.
As well as making money, businesses should also have social responsibilities. Do you agree or disagree?
The last years has witnessed the boom of enterprises. Apart from the target of making profits, the businesses are obliged to solve some social problems. This will have some positive effects on both our society and the enterprise itself, although the high cost on social issues may affect its normal operation.
It is widely acknowledged that the support from enterprises is of great value to narrow income gaps. Most companies have gained fiscal benefits from various entrepreneurial activities. However, there are still a large number of families that cannot afford educational expense and are at disadvantage in terms of educational opportunities and career development. If they can provide financial assistance for the students from disadvantaged backgrounds, these students will probably have a competitive advantage in the job market and land a decent job in the future.
In addition, when companies make contributions to solving social problems, there is a possibility that they can bring more profits to themselves in return. Many successful businesses have good reputations. If they decide to make joint efforts with other enterprises to help the public raise the awareness of environmental protection, the corporate image is likely to be improved. As a result, these businesses will be able to gain more profits in trade activities.
Admittedly, if enterprises spend too much money tackling social problems such as improving employees’ social welfare and medical service, the operation and development may be negatively influenced. More seriously, some companies will probably have to accept the fact of bankruptcy.
To conclude, businesses have the obligation to shoulder social responsibilities, which can not only contribute to social stability, but also enhance their own profits, although it may be difficult for them to balance social and entrepreneurial benefits sometimes.
Many museums and historical sites are mainly visited by tourists, not local people. Why is this the case and what can be done to attract local people.
Museums and historical sites are the sanctuary where we can acquire historical knowledge and cultural heritage. However, it has became less attractive to the local recently. As well as discussing the factors contributing to this trend, this essay will try to find its solutions.
It is apparent that many local people assume that they are consciously aware of their cities. And they feel less fresh if they have appreciated such places ever before. In addition, many museum and sites are chargeable. As a result, the local prefer to enjoy their leisure time at home rather than in museum or historical sites.
The inescapable fact is that Museums and historical sites are always the first option to many tourists. For one thing, they can pay the least spending as well as enjoy the most local knowledge and scenery. For another thing, the revenue of museums and historical sites account for the most of local tourism. Governments are more than pleased to attract tourists to these two places rather than to the locals. If this situation still continues in the future, there will be less local vising to the museums and historical sites.
One main solution is to enrich their diversity of activities. Museums can hold some larruping activities，such as Healthy Lecture and Civil Sporting Meeting. These activities will not only arouse the enthusiasm of citizens, but also add some color to this city. Besides, at some degree, lowing the price to draw more visits is also a feasible solution.
To summarize, tourists will continuously choose museum and historical sites as their must-visits. However, it is still necessary to take some actions to maintain the locals’ visiting
As the transportation and accommodation problem increases in big cities, some governments are encouraging business move from the city to the rural area, do you think the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?
It is sometimes argued that some business should be removed from cities to rural areas. Personally, I believe this has more benefits than drawbacks.
Firstly, suburbs usually have better surroundings than urban areas. This is because companies can provide their employees with a better office environment and living condition there, which would enhance employees’ enthusiasm for work. In addition, a comfortable office environment and living condition can decrease frequency of talent-flowing and ensure companies’ development.
Secondly, migrating some business to rural areas will make our cities a better place to live in. Large factory buildings will cover urban places extensively. If businesses relocate their factories to rural areas, these places can be used to build roads, parks, hospitals and other public facilities, and there might be less traffic jam in the rush hour. At the same time, governments can plant more greenery to reduce air pollution. As a result, it provides citizens with better air quality, which is beneficial for their health.
However, we have to admit that this policy still exist some disadvantages. Although moving some business to rural areas can ease traffic problems, it will increase the cost of transportation for those who live in the remote areas. Besides, the ecosystem in rural areas is quite fragile, the over-exploration may cause irreversible damage to our environment if we fail to provide some reasonable plans.
In conclusion, I believe that moving some business to rural areas will bring more advantages.